EUROPEAN ARBITRATION
ISSN  1286-4528
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                                                                    EA31

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                      *       EUROPEAN        *
                      *      ARBITRATION      *
                      *                       *
                      *       issue  31.      *
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                                                       September 4th, 1998.

                                                 Publisher Michael Chapman.
                                                  mchapman@zen.dedal.fr.net
 

1. Talking Point.
2. Diary of Events.
3. Directory.
4. News items.
5. FEATURE 'A neglected form of ADR.', Koos Rozemond.
6. /tt>
6. FEATURE 'L'arbitre avec mission d'amiable compoisteur' Serge Braudo.
 
 

1.  TALKING POINT.

  The best way to introduce a very full issue, is to just thank the contributors. Thank you.
                                                                      EA

                      ++++++++++++++++++++++

2. DIARY OF EVENTS:

 All contributions to this DIARY are welcome. It is both for the individual arbitrator and for those who plan meetings.
 Generally, listed meetings will be at least half-day and usually full day events. Evening meetings are likely to be only of local interest.
 The emphasis is European: However to help in scheduling, major world events are listed.

                PLEASE see important note below,
    &p;                before using any of this info.

1998:
-----

Sept. 12-13  LCIA North American Council Symposium, Whistler, Vancouver.
Sept. 13-18  IBA Biennial Conference, Vancouver.

Sept. 17-25  'The International Community and its Role in Preventing,
             Managing and Resolving Conflict.'  Cambridge. 21st
             Century Trust  trust@tfct.demon.co.uk

Sept. 23-24  ICC 'Geneva Business Dialogue'.
Sept. 24-25  Colloque 75e Anniversaire. International Court of Arbitration
             of the ICC. Geneva.

Sept. 24-25  American Bar Association, Dispute Resolution Section.
             'Arbitration: Preparing for the 21st Century.'  New York.

Sept. 25     Opening of the new building of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut
             by MR W.J. Deetman, Mayor of The Hague.

Oct. 8-11    AAA 'First Nationanbsp; AAA 'First National Neutrals' Retreat.'  Orlando, Florida.

Oct. 12-16   IWBL 'Negotiating, Drafting and Executing International
             Contracts: Study of a Mock Case.'   Paris.

Oct. 15-17   SPIDR Annual Int'l Conference. Portland, Oregon, USA.

Oct. 17      LCIA Pan-African Council. Harare, Zimbabwe. Jointly with:
             Commercial Arbitration Centre, Harare & Zimbabwe Arb.Assoc.

Oct. 20-22   Three day arbitration conference.
             Central European University, Budapest.
Oct. 23-25   European Branch CIArb, Biannual Meeting.   Budapest.
             Contact Eugen Salpius   salpius@alpin.or.at

Oct. 29      Nineteenth Annual Meeting of the Institute of World Business
             Law. 'Forging trust in electronic commerce: law and dispute
             resolution.'  Hotel Prince de Ganbsp; Hotel Prince de Galles Paris.
Oct. 30      Fifteenth Annual Joint AAA/ICC/ICSID Colloquium. '  Hotel
             Prince de Galles Paris. Details : ICC.

Nov. 10      Goff Lecture, Hong Kong: Professor Pierre Lalive.
Nov. 11-12   International Arbitration Conference, Hong Kong. ICC /
             CIArb / HKIA / CIETAC / CMAC / IPBA / IMB.
             Contact  Christopher To  at HKIAC.

Nov. 12      Fourth Young Arbitration Practitioners' Symposium.
             Dusseldorf.  Contact Irene Bates, LCIA, .
Nov. 13      Second IBA International Arbitration Day. Dusseldorf, Germany.
             IBA, ICC, LCIA & DIS.  Long-term construction and infra-
             structure projects.       Contact IBA  (confs@int-bar.org).
Nov. 14      Trsp;    Traditional-style LCIA symposium, Dusseldorf.

Nov. 26-27   IWBL, International Arbitration Practice Workshop.  Paris.

Dec. 2-3     Geneva Global Arbitration Forum.  wernerp@iprolink.ch

Dec. 7-11    PIDA XXXIV. Study based on a mock arbitration under the
             1988 ICC Rules. Paris. conf@iccwbo.org
 

1999:
-----
Jan. 15-17   ASA, DIS & LCIA, Practice Building Seminar, Badenweiler,
             Germany. Contact: Fr.Loechner, DIS, fax 00+49-228.21.22.75
 

Please CONFIRM all details directly with organisers, the above material is drawn from various sources and should not be relied on by itself(!).
 

contact details for frequently  cited organisations:
LCIA   (London)  t: 00441-719.363.530, f: 00441-719.363.533

                      +++++++++++++++++++++
 

3.  DIRECTORY:
The next 'full' Directory appears in EA32 (and the last was in EA29). This edition's contains contact details for bodies contact details for bodies mentioned in the Diary, new entrants, amended entries, etc.

American Arbitration Association
         Homepage:  http://www.adr.org

Serge Braudo's information site on arbitration and mediation (L'Arbitrage):
         Homepages:  http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo
           http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/arbmed/base/Index.html
                     http://www.club-internet.fr/perso/sbraudo/

European Arbitration:
         E-mail:    mchapman@zen.dedal.fr.net
         Homepage:  http://www.france-explorer.com/perso/interarb

HKIAC    Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre
         E-mail:    adr@hkiac.org
         Homepage:  http://www.hkiac.org

IBA:     International Bar Association
         E-mail:    confs@int   confs@int-bar.org

ICC:     International Chamber of Commerce (Paris)
         E-mail:    conf@iccwbo.org
         Homepage:  http://www.iccwbo.org/arb/index.htm
              and:  http://www.iccwbo.org/conferences/home-confer.htm

ICC-Asia:  ICC Regional Office for Asia (Hong Kong)
         E-mail:    iccasiaoffice@compuserve.com

Kluwer Law International 'Arbitration Site'
         Homepage:  http://www.epms.nl/arbit

LCIA:    Homepage:  http://www.lcia-arbitration.com

PIDA  (Programme de l'Institut de Dix Ans) of the ICC, Paris.
         E-mail:    conf@iccwbo.org
         Homepage:  http://www.iccwbo.org

SPIDR    E-mail:    spidr@igc.apc.org
         Homepage:  http://www.spidr.org

UNCITRAL
             Homepage:  http://www.un.or.at/uncitral

WIPO     E-mail:    arbiter.mail@wipo.int
         Homepage:  http://www.arbiter.wipo.int
              and:  http://www.arbiter.wipo.int/textonly/index.html
 
 
 

                      +++++++++++++++++++++

4.  NEWS ITEMS

French Language Information Site:
---------------------------------
I can thoroughly recommend the sites that have been created by Serge Braudo. Even if you do not read French the listings of arbitral bodies and the (hyper-)links to other sites are very rich.
   Dear Mr Chapman,
                      Arbitration centres
           Thanks for having transmitted the EA 30.
        Concerning the French Arbitration Centers (your article
   "Publications" in the same issue )you will find name, postal a will find name, postal address,
   phone and fax, e-mail if any and website on " La Conciliation ,la
   Mediation et l'arbitrage" I posted on the site of the University of
   Nancy at:
       http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/arbmed/base/Index.html
           The address ot the page especially  concerned is:
http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/arbmed/droit-interne/fr-centres.html/
           The address of some of the Arbitration Centres in Europe and in
   other parts of the world is at:
   http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/arbmed/droit-international/
     centre-etrangers.html/
           The same informations can be accessed by my other web site
   "L'arbitrage" at:
               http://www.club-internet.fr/perso/sbraudo/
   Regards
   Serge Braudo ,Conseiller honoraire C.A Versailles
 X-Sender: sbraudo@mail.france-mail.com (Unverified)
 Date: Sat, 29 tt> Date: Sat, 29 Aug 1998 10:59:08 +0100

   http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/dictionnaire/cadre.html
   http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/arbmed/base/Index.html
   http://juripole.u-nancy.fr/braudo/Secu/
   http://club-internet.fr/perso/sbraudo/
 
 
 
 

SPIDR moves International Office:
---------------------------------The society of professionals in Dispute Resolution has moved its international office.
SPIDR,  1621 Connecticut Avenue, NW,  Suite 400,  Washington DC 20009.
tel 00 1 202 -265 1927   fax -265 1968 e-mail, still, spidr@spidr.org

NOT the NYC (New York Convention):
----------------------------------
My thanks to all who contributed the following information on the Geneva Convention of 1927:
By an Order in Council  (SI 1984  No. 1168) Her Britannic Majesty declared that the Geneva Convention applied to the following territories:

Anguilla                              MALTA
Antigua and Barbuda                       MAURITIUS
Austria                               Montserrat
Bahamas                               Netherlands (including Curacao)
Bangladesh                            New Zealand
Belgium                               PAKISTAN
Belize                                Portugal
British Virgin Islands                Romania
Cayman Islands                        Saint Christopher and Nevis
Czechoslovakitt>Czechoslovakia                        St. Lucia
Denmark                               Spain
Dominica                              Sweden
Falkland Islands                      Switzerland
Falkland Island Dependencies          Tanzania
Finland Thailand                      Turks and Caicos Islands
France                                United Kingdom of Great Britain
Germany [in 1984 "FRG" and "GDR"]               and Northern Ireland
Gibraltar   bsp;                            Western Samoa
Greece                                Yugoslavia
Grenada                               ZAMBIA
GUYANA
Hong Kong*
India
Ireland, Republic of
Israel
Italy
Japan
Kenya
Luxembourg

BURMA, Estonia, JAMAICA, and ZAIRE have also ratified or adhered to the Convention. (One of the most recent ratification's was that of Bangladesh in 1979.)

The NYC (1958) does not apply to those countries in BLOCK letters.

* I would welcome comment on whether the Geneva Convention still applies to the Hong Kong SAR (certainly not all double tax treaties that Hong Kong was a party to have been adopted by the SAR).
 

Personal news :
---------------
 The new Secretary General of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre is Christopher To.
&Christopher To.

 

                      +++++++++++++++++++++

5.  FEATURE ARTICLE(1)

A neglected form of ADR.
------------------------
         After dinner speech of Koos Rozemond at the
         Annual Dinner of the Arbitration Club in the
         Drapers Hall, London, December 4th, 1997.
 

 One of my class mates at school had to write a test paper in biology class. The subject was the elephant. He had not studied the chapter on elephants but had restricted himself to the chapter on worms, because it was less bulky. He started his paper with the following sentence: "The trunk of the elephant reminds me of the worm", and wrote a brilliant but rejected paper on the worm.
 The same principle applies to the unexpected question put to me. It reminds me of everything I had prepared to say tonight, whatever the question would have been.
 I want to say something on a neglected form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), to wit, the throwing of a heavy object through the window of your opponent's house. It is a particularly appropriate forticularly appropriate form of procedure for claimants in cases about small amounts of money. Why?
1.  It is not very costly.
2.  It will satisfy your desire to hurt the other party.
3.  It _will_ hurt the other party.
4.  It will rob the defendant of the satisfaction of forcing you to drag him into court and make a fool of yourself.
 The disadvantage of this procedure is that you will not get your money, but that can be compensated by the weight and size of the object and the amount of damage you do.
There is one requirement:
the other party must know that it was _you_ who threw the object without him being able to _prove_ that it was you.
 I had planned to elaborate on this subject tonight with a little demonstration in this hall With a brick. As I expected difficulties at Schiphol Airport and Heathrow when I tried to export and import respectively a brick I decided to go by boat. When I sailed up the Thames River, three days ago, however I was stopped by a Customs boat. The inspector asked me what I had in my rucksack (Ridiculous German word, 'rucksack' when you have the eminently decent American word 'backpack' available, but anyway:) I said: 'A brick'. 'May I see it please, sir?' (When British authorities say 'please' I always feel slightly threatened: it gives me the impression that they want me to helat they want me to help them with their enquiries.)
I opened my backpack and showed him the brick. He frowned and said: 'To what purpose, sir, if I may ask, do you intend to bring this brick into the country? Please?' (More threats).
 'To demonstrate how to throw a heavy object through the window of your opponent's house.'
He was silent for a few minutes. "You are Dutch, aren't you, sir? We have seen Dutch tricks up this river before. Have you heard of the Medway disaster?'
 'No, I haven't seen the morning papers.'
The silence was a little longer now (he looked as if he counted to 10). 'That sir, was in 1667.'
He handed me my brick, nothing more needed to be said, I turned my boat around and sailed back downstream, back to Holland.

This afternoon I flew to Heathrow and was questioned about my backpack again: 'What is that heavy object, sir?'
 'That is a slipcase and it contains two books by Mark Cato'. He said: 'D. Mark Cato?'  I said: 'Yes, D. Mark Cato.'  He said: 'hank you sir, you may proceed. No sir, no need to show your passport.'
 Now, it is far from my intention that one should use Mark Cato's books as projectiles, but they served as a diversion from the real missile - which was also in my rucksack and that was a brown jug filled with old Dutch genever. Which I show you now.
how you now.

 When you want to apply this jug in ADR you act as follows: First you drink half the contents of the jug; for the creation of Dutch courage. The other half balances nicely in your hand. There is one problem. In a bottle you can see if you are halfway. In a jug you can't. To be on the safe side _do_ take a couple of extra sips. If that leads to the consumption of the whole contents you have gone too far and you will have to start all over again. Moreover if you have drunk more than half
1) it tends to spoil your aim
2) it affects your judgment.
One of my clients for instance quite effectively threw an empty jug through the window but then rang the bell because (he was a Dutchman) he thought it might be a returnable jug. When the opponent opened the door my client said: "I happened to pass by your house and saw somebody throw an empty Dutch genever jug through your window. Can I have it back?" The defendant reflected a minute on this question and then said: 'There is a flaw in your argument', punched my client in the face and said: 'And now there is one on your nose', whereupon he quietly closed the door.
Last question: How do you bill your client for your part in this procedure? Just charge him £ 2000. If he wants a breakdown of this amount, you can tell him:
'The hourly rate is £ 250
  1 hour explaining procedure explaining procedure to you
  1 hour brick buying
  2 hours extension of brick buying into lunch
  2 hours loss of the rest of the afternoon
  2 hours discussion of bill.'
When he says: 'What if I do not discuss the bill? Do I get a reduction for 2 hours?'
'No', you say, 'you will then be charged two hours for "loss of profit caused by waiving right to discuss bill.'

 One word of warning, though. Be sure that your client is not any longer in possession of brick or jug, or else he will be inclined to throw it through your window.
 

  (Note: Mark Cato is President of the Arbitration
   Club and author of The Sanctuary House, An
   Arbitration Workbook, a novel with all relevant
   arbitration documents Vol. I and II, 1462 pages,
   £ 125,--.)
 

  (Note for readers (not to be read aloud or spoken to
   English audiences unless you are seated close by
   the door).

   The Medway disaster
   -------------------
   A Dutch fleet, consisting of 17 war ships, five
   armed yachts and a number of fire,ships, under
   commanbr>   command of Admiral Michiel Adriaansz. de Ruyter
   sailed in 1667 in the direction of Chatham, where
   the most important English war ships were lying for
   anchor. The fleet first occupied Sheerness, burnt it
   down, and sailed up the Medway River. Shortly before
   Chatham they rammed and broke through a chain that
   was suspended across the river, and destroyed almost
   all English ships. They took home two of the largest
   ships, one of them the flagship the Royal Charles. If
   you want to you can visit and view the escutcheon of
   this ship in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam to this
   very day. [The Embarrassment of what?] In the Historic
   Dockyard exhibition near Chatham they refer to this
   incident as "the least glorious episode in British
   maritime history", which I find one of the Britishest
   euphemisms I have ever come across. The irony of the
   situation is that this exercise on the Thames River
   in 1667 was undertaken to ensure a better place for
   the Dutch at the negotiating table at negotiating table at the end of the
   so called second Anglo-Dutch war. So it is one of the
   oldest ADR-procedures in history.
             reference: Samuel Pepys, Diaries, June 1667.
 

                      +++++++++++++++++++++

6.  FEATURE ARTICLE(2)

As our e-mail system handles accents very erratically, the following article is reproduced, as submitted in HTML format.

It is "L'arbitre avec mission d'amiable compoisteur' by Serge Braudo.

If anyone has problems with decrypting the mark-up please let me
know and I will post it on the EA webpage for easier access.  MC

L'arbitre avec mission d'amiable compositeur

par Serge Braudo
Conseiller honoraire à la Cour d'appel de Versailles (France)

sbraudo.hol.fr

Les dispositions incluses sous les articles 12 et 58 du Nouveau Code de Procédure civile français prévoient que le juge peut recevoir des parties misge peut recevoir des parties mission de statuer comme amiable compositeur .C'est là un peu une hypothèse d'école ,il n'est pas certain qu'il existe un magistrat qui ait reçu une telle mission.S'il arrive que les parties se concilient hors du prétoire ou plus rarement devant le juge,et s'il arrive qu'ils demandent à ce dernier de leur donner acte de leurs conventions afin d'avoir un titre exécutoire pour le cas où l'un d'eux faillirait à ses engagements ,en revanche le seul fait qu'elles aient saisi le juge montre leur intention d'en découdre.

 

 
 
 

En revanche l'arbitrage procédant d'une convention ,il se conçoit mieux de la part de personnes qui montrent déjà qu'elles sont d'accord au moins sur un point,qu'elles souhaitent donner à l'arbitre des pouvoirs plus étendus que ceux dont il disposerait si une clause d'amiable composition ne figurait pas dans l'acte de mission qu'ils ont signé ensemble.De même que le Nouveau code de procédure civile permet aux parties de conférer au juge des pouvoirs d'amiable compositeur ,les parties tiennent pareillement des articles 1474,1482 et 1497 du même Code la faculté de demander à l'arbitres de juger "ex aequo et bono" .
Contrairement à une idée assez g&eacune idée assez généralement répandue, si l'amiable compositeur dispose d'un pouvoir plus large que l'arbitre dont la mission ne comporte pas cette clause ,il reste cependant que les parties ne sauraient par la vertu de leurs dispositions particulières conférer à l'arbitre un pouvoir qui irait à l'encontre des règles appartenant à l'ordre public général de sorte qu'il exercerait un pouvoir discrétionnaire . L'arbitre, même lorsqu'il dispose du pouvoir de statuer comme d'un amiable compositeur ,il exerce certe une justice privée mais en quelque sorte , sous contrôle judiciaire .
Au plan procédural l'amiable compositeur reste tenu à l'observation des principes directeurs du procès, notamment au respect du contradictoire , à l'obligation de tenir le plus grand compte de l'objet et du cadre du procès, sinon il statuerait " ultra petita ", à l'obligation de rédiger la sentence, et surtout à celle de la motiver .Tout manquement à ces règles entraînerait en cas de recours d'une des parties, la nullité de la sentence .La seule différence entre l'arbitrage ordinaire et l'amiable composition tient au contenu de la motivation de la sentence. La validité de cette dernière n'est pas subordonnée au fait que l'arbitre amiable coml'arbitre amiable compositeur doive s'expliquer sur le détail des éléments aboutissant à la condamnation , en particulier quant à l'appréation qu'il fait des sommes qu'il alloue .
Quant au fond,la différence notable entre la mission de l'arbitre qui n'a pas une mission d'amiable compositeur et ce dernier , réside dans le fait qu'en l'absence d'une disposition expresse insérée dans le contrat à propos duquel les parties s'opposent , l'amiable compositeur ne se trouve pas contraint d'interpréter leurs conventions par référence à leur intention probable .Sans être tenu à l'application des lois ayant un caractère supplétif, il dispose du pouvoir de définir les droits et les obligations sur lesquels les contractants ont omis de s'exprimer , en se référant à la conception qu'il a lui-même de ce qui eût été équitable qu'elles conviennent .
Lorsque la situation querellée se trouve régie,non plus par une disposition supplétive mais bien par une norme impérative ,l'amiable compositeur est amené à faire une distinction entre les règles normatives de protection individuelles et les loi d'ordre public.

 

 
 
 

Bien entendu,dans ce dernie Bien entendu,dans ce dernier cas,l'amiable compositeur ne dispose d'aucune liberté de manoeuvre : il ne dispose pas d'autre solution que celle d' appliquer la règle impérative comme le ferait un juge étatique si ce dernier avait été saisi de l'affaire . En revanche, s'il y a lieu d'appliquer une disposition d'ordre public présentant seulement un caractère protecteur d'intérêts privés ,l'amiable compositeur qui tient de l'une comme de l'autre des deux parties le pouvoir de les départager , peut décider en adoptant la position juridique qui lui paraît la plus équitable .Ainsi en application des dispositions de l'article 2220 du Code civil français nul ne peut renoncer à une prescription si elle n'est pas encore acquise .Il s'agit d'une règle de protection destinées à éviter les pressions sur la partie qui dispose du droit de se préaloir de ce mode légal de libération.Dans le cas,donc dans lequel la partie qui est le créancier se prévaut d'une clause contractuelle par laquelle l'autre partie,le débiteur ,a renoncé par anticipation à se prévaloir de la prescription ,l'amiable compositeur est contraint ,en application des dispositions ci-dessus qui sont d'ordre public,de rejeter le moyen du créancier et de tenir compte de la prescription de la prescription .En revanche si une telle exception de prescription libératoire est soulevée par le débiteur, l'amiable compositeur peut estimer que compte tenu des circonstances de la cause, l'équité lui commande de l'écarter.

 

 
 
 

Voilà un exemple qui démontre que la mission d'amiable compositeur est probablement plus difficile à mener que celle d'arbitre disposant d'une mission ordinaire .Elle montre aussi quels types de problèmes peuvent se poser à des techniciens désignés en qualité d'arbitres et les difficultés procédurales qui peuvent s'en suivre si de telles questions surviennent après que ces arbitres ont accepté leur mission 

 

 

Extrait du Nouveau Code de Procédure civile français

Art.12 .- Le juge tranche le litige conformément aux règles de droit qui lui sont applicables .
Il doit donner ou restituer leur exacte qualification aux faits et actes litigieux sans s'arrêter à la dénomination que les parties en auraient proposée.
Toutefois il ne peut changer la dénomination ou le fondement juridique lorsque les parties,en vertu d'un accord exprès et pour les droits dont elles ont la libre dispo dont elles ont la libre disposition , l'ont lié par les qualifications et points de droit auxquels elles entendent limiter le débat .
Le litige né, les parties peuvent aussi, dans les mêmes matières et sous la même condition, conférer au juge mission de statuer comme amiable compositeur , sous réserve d'appel si elles n'y ontpas spécialement renoncé

 Art. 58 .- Lorsque cette faculté leur est ouverte par l'article 12, les parties peuvent si elles ne l'ont déjà fait depuis la naissance du litige, conférer au juge dans la requête conjointe, mission de statuer comme amiable compositeur ou le lier par les qualifications et points de droit auxquels elles entendent limiter le débat .

Art. 1474 . - L'arbitre tranche le litige conformément aux règles de droit, à moins que, dans la convention d'arbitrage, les parties ne lui aient conféré mission de statuer comme amiable compositeur.

Art. 1482. - La sentence arbitrale est susceptible d'appel à moins que les parties n'aient renoncé à l'appel dans la convention d'arbitrage .Toutefois, elle n'est pas susceptible d'appel lorsque l'arbitre a reçu mission de statuer comme amiable compositeur, à moins que les parties n'aient expressément réservé cette faculté dans laaculté dans la convention d'arbitrage.

Art. 1497. - L'arbitre statue comme amiable compositeur si la convention des parties lui a conféré cette mission.
 

 Serge Braudo ,Conseiller honoraire C.A Versailles

http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/dictionnaire/cadre.html
http://juripole.u-nancy.fr:80/braudo/arbmed/base/Index.html
http://juripole.u-nancy.fr/braudo/Secu/
                      +++++++++++++++++++++
COPY DATE for EA32 is: September 17th.
                      +++++++++++++++++++++

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-----------------
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