UNCITRAL MODEL LAW ON
INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION
see this article in the full MAL
Article 7. Definition and form of arbitration agreement
(1) "Arbitration agreement" is an agreement by the parties to submit to arbitration all or certain
disputes which have arisen or which may arise between them in respect of a defined legal
relationship, whether contractual or not. An arbitration agreement may be in the form of an
arbitration clause in a contract or in the form of a separate agreement.
(2) The arbitration agreement shall be in writing. An agreement is in writing if it is contained in
a document signed by the parties or in an exchange of letters, telex, telegrams or other means of
telecommunication which provide a record of the agreement, or in an exchange of statements of
claim and defence in which the existence of an agreement is alleged by one party and not denied
by another. The reference in a contract to a document containing an arbitration clause constitutes
an arbitration agreement provided that the contract is in writing and the reference is such as to
make that clause part of the contract.
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